經脾注入激泡生理鹽水混合肝素抗凝全血後利用超音波診斷犬隻肉眼可見之肝門脈分流

這項研究將激泡生理鹽水與1ml 經肝素抗凝的全血混合後經脾注入34隻已鎮靜的犬隻,並以超音波檢查門靜脈、後大靜脈及右心房,依照混合液體產生的微氣泡進入後大靜脈的位置我們可以區分出肝門脈分流屬於肝內或是肝外。門奇靜脈分流(Portoazygos shunt)及門靜脈截流回靜脈(Portocaval shunt)兩者可藉由微氣泡出現於後大靜脈或是右心房區分。若是有單一肝外肝門脈分流的犬隻也可藉此方法辨識出分流的血管。同時此方法也可檢查出術後是否有確實關閉分流的血管。此診斷方法方便操作、安全且再現性高,使得診斷肝門脈分流的工具上多了一項選擇。
 
摘自Use of Transsplenic Injection of Agitated Saline and Heparinized Blood for The Ultrasonographic Diagnosis of Macroscopic Portosystemic Shunts in Dogs, Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2011;52(1):103 – 106 (2011獸醫放射學及超音波期刊)
 
作者:P. Gómez-Ochoa, F. Llabrés-Dıáz, S. Ruiz, A. Corda, S. Prieto, I. Sosa, T. Gregori, M. Gascón, G.C. Couto, from the Department of Animal Pathology, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain 50013 (Gómez-Ochoa, Ruiz, Sosa, Gregori, Prieto, Gascón), Davies Veterinary Specialists, Hertfordshire SG5 3HR, UK (Llabrés-Dıáz), Department of Clinical and Veterinary Pathology, Section of Animal Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sassari, Italy 07100 (Corda), and Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, College of Veterinary Medicine, OSU Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus 43210 (Couto) (西班牙薩拉戈薩大學)
 
譯者:陳虹吟醫師